Mittwoch, 7. Oktober 2015

Contrada Pian del Lago in Caltanissetta: camps in 2015

Measurements of eviction and fences are not enough to solve the problem of hundreds of asylum seekers forced to wait up to four weeks before they can apply for international protection. After the removal of spontaneously made up camps last year, hundreds of asylum seekers who arrived in the city have for months stayed in houses provided by speculators, paying up to 100 euro just for a mattress on the floor. These alternative accommodations to the camps have given less visibility to this phenomena but the problem of asylum seekers, being forced to wait to be identified in order to receive accommodation has never been solved.

Photo by Giovanna Vaccaro
 The procedure of the police headquarters in Caltanissetta to create an informal list with the names of those seeking asylum continues and to scroll through the list during the three days weekly public opening of the immigration office, calling for identification and for insertion of being hosted.

What is unusual with this procedure of having an "informal list"?
First, the fact that the acceptance of the application for asylum does not occur by its submission. Second, that the identification takes up to two weeks and then passes additional time between the identification and the reception.

The most serious consequence that results from this practice is that during the time between identification and formalization of the application for international protection, which is done by filling in model ‘’C3’’, only when reception is ready, these asylum seekers are not considered as such and protected by any rights. This means that if they get into a police control, they could be identified as irregular migrants, and, as such, end up in the CIE* (if not yet identified) or directly receive a deportation order.
Another consequence of this practice is that, throughout the period of waiting, these people are forced to live in makeshift places: those who can afford it have a mattress in a home shared with several roommates at the modest sum of 100 € a month while others have to camp outside, in the area around the reception center and the Immigration office. The makeshift camps of asylum seekers, who have been recently reformed in the same places of the past, are two, while another group of people would live in an abandoned house.
The total number of asylum seekers who find themselves in this situation is therefore about a hundred.
Thirty men of Bangladeshi nationality, average aged 30, live in a basement of the city’s sports center that had been vacated in March 2014.
Obviously there is no clean water, no electricity and the cold and rain of recent weeks have made their already difficult stay in this place even worse.
For food, they are telling me, they are buying things day by day in the nearest stores. It’s mainly cold food since they are unable to cook, and since there’s not even a canteen in the city. For dinner we brought them some food from acquaintances that live in the CARA*.
We discussed the process of how long it takes to gain access to the procedure for requesting asylum and reception. They inform me that within 20 days you can be identified and receive reception. When they are called for reception, they fill in the C3 form and finally formalize the request for asylum.
After that, I go to a place where there is another gathering of people, a place that extends below an overpass. In consists of several tents, inside were scattered old mattresses which they had found and collect from the local area. The cover of the overpass gives the impression of being procted from th rain. In recent weeks there have been several storms and a large swamp built up and makes living these conditions even more complicated.
From what I am hearing from the people I am talking to, over here there are 60 people, all of Pakistani origin. They are as well amongst the people waiting for identification, those waiting for reception, those awaiting renewal of the residence permit.
When I asked how they are coping in these conditions they tell me I could see by myself that there was "No water, no electricity, and no food." They manage to eat once a day and only thanks to some of their acquaintances who are in the CARA*, and who in the evening bring their left over meals.
I ask to take pictures of the camp and I am granted permission. Then a guy comes holding wood, they tell me to take a picture of him: that wood is heating for the night.

‘Is it already so cold at night?’ – ‘Oh yes, very!’

Photo by Giovanna Vaccaro
I wonder if they're all right, if there are people with major health problems. They say that at the moment there is nothing serious, just a few are slightly affected.
Then they remember the emergency number to call an ambulance. They already know the service because, as they tell me, a few weeks ago, they had to help their friend who had excruciating pain; they had to call five times before the ambulance finally arrived.

Giovanna Vaccaro
Borderline Sicilia

*CIE – Centro di Identificazione ed Espulsione: Identification and expulsion centre
*CARA – Centro Accoglienza per Rifugiati e Richiedenti Asilo: Reception centre for refugees and asylum seekers

Translator: Catherine Scholz